The rear wing used to be an icon that symbolized, you are driving a high performance car.
However, when looking at recent sports models, the case where the rear wing such as the giant and flashy was mounted was less plated. In this article, we look back on the days when the rear wing presence was strong, and consider the reason why we have not seen so many large and flashy rear wings these days.
What was the reason why high-performance cars were once equipped with huge & flashy rear wing There is also a face that looks like a powerful look, but the biggest reason is to obtain a downforce that holds down and stabilises the car with the power of the air, especially at high speeds.
There are many things that Porsche gave. and the lead in the car world, the rear wing is one of them.
The beginning of many car lovers who were admired in the rear wing called the whale tail of 911 was per RS which is a spartan model of the 901 type (appeared in 1964) to be the first model of Porsche 911.
Then in Porsche 911 the 911 turbo, the second generation 930 type (appeared in 1974) flagship, was fitted with a large rear wing called the "whale tail".
It is said that the huge & flashy rear wing in the 1980s is said to be F40's 40th anniversary model, and the F40 was developed with the concept of “a racing car that can run on a public road”, and the rear wing of the F40 is a concept It was like a racing car dedicated to the street circuit.
The Ferrari F40 gave a big impact on the rear wing on a sportscar. It was Pininfarina, that designed the car.
But with a Japanese car designed with a rear wing, the first and foremost to wear a huge and flashy rear wing was the 1989 issue, when the original issue changed from The R32 Skyline GT-R was developed based on the concept of racing.
The rear wing of Nissan Skyline GT-R (R32 type) is also considered for use in motor sports (The appearance of a commercial car-based motor sports such as Group A and Group N at that time can not be changed from commercial cars, and such parts The effect was so strong that it had the side effect of an increase in air resistance and a drop in the maximum speed by it, even though it was necessary to wear it from the market condition).
Next was the Toyota Supra (A 80), which appeared in 1993, with the impressive giant & flashy rear spoiler, and the rear wing of the A 80 Supra had a height reminiscent of the Ferrari F 40, " Thanks to the height, the rear wing has a clear view through the rearview mirror without blocking it.
The rear wing has been old, but the GT-R (R32) has made the world known for its coolness.
The Supra (A 80), which has a strong heart for fans because of winning in the race, is also a single unit where the rear wing matches. As shown in the picture, the rear wingless was also set, but it was more popular to wear the rear wing.
The huge and flashy rear spoiler is the Honda Integra Type R, Subaru Impreza WRX STI & Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution, Nissan Skyline GT-R (R33 There is also experience with the R32 type and the angle adjustment type, and with the R34 type it is mounted on a GT wing and similar shapes), and it has become like a "proof of high-performance car".
In addition, the degree of customization has been dramatically expanded by the relaxation of the car inspection system since the mid-1990s, and the large and flashy rear wing also increased in the aftermarket.
The GT-R evolved on the aerodynamic surface, and the R33 (upper) adopted a type that the flap angle could be changed, and the R34 (lower) adopted a GT wing type in which the stay was independent.
Especially impressive as a huge & flashy rear wing of aftermarket parts "The change from the side view of 5-door fast back looks like a station wagon" There are literally huge and flashy things for the march.
Why the huge and flashy rear wing has decreased remarkably
Which as a large reason for this is There are two points ahead. There are people who avoid the huge and flashy rear wing.
A large and flashy rear wing that has begun to appear in a few people "favourite, cool" The age group purchasing is rising because of the flow of high-performance cars and high-performance cars.
As a result, with the minor changes of the Integra Type R (DC5 type) in 2004, it became possible to select low-height ones in addition to the huge & flashy rear wing in Japan. The current GT-R, which appeared in 2007, is not so big as the rear wing except NISMO.
In addition, in the 2007 Lancer Evolution X, a rear wingless is set in addition to a huge & flashy rear wing on the way, and the current WRX STI has a standard rear wing with a modest lip type, a huge & The flashy rear wing is just an option.
It was Integra type R that the rear wing was distinctive, but it was well received that lip type of low height also appeared and was clean at the time in 2004
The Lancer Evolution series has shown a strong commitment to the successive wings, but the rear edition of the Lancer Evo X final edition could also be selected. The times have changed. If you look at the Porsche 911 as an example, the standard model is the third generation from the 964 type and the rear wing is a retractable that appears automatically and automatically when needed.
There is a rear wing in the 911 turbo, but in a direction that becomes a modest shape as the generation advances, the huge and flashy rear wing is attached to a high-end special model such as GT3 or GT2.
Now that downforce can be obtained on the lower surface of the body, aerodynamic technology is improved to obtain downforce not only on the upper surface of the body represented by the rear wing but also on the lower surface of the body.
A typical example is a diffuser with several fin-like ones sticking up at the bottom of the rear bumper that bounces backward.
In particular, when a diffuser is added to a car with a flat bottom of the body, the rectified air is diffused (diffuse) and the flow velocity of the air is increased to generate a strong negative pressure, resulting in a near vacuum condition and a down force.
Looking back, it was the V-spec of the R34 GT-R, which was named in the huge and flashy rear wing, that it was quick to install the diffuser in a commercial car.
It is a modern trend to get aerodynamic effects by air flowing under the body, and the picture is the rear diffuser of the Honda NSX. One of the aerodynamic devices feedback from the race
The ability to generate a downforce on the lower surface of the body in this way also reduces the need for a huge & flashy rear wing that tends to increase air resistance, as mentioned above, with a huge & flashy rear wing It can be said that it is the background where most of the special models that want more downforce even among high performance cars.
Even in today's sports cars, the spectacular rear wing is rare. Porsche is also equipped with a discreet type of rear wing except for a special model of the 911 GT3 RS shown in the photo The rear wing is said to be effective from about 80 km / h depending on the size and shape etc. It is not a level at which you can feel your thighs. It is a story in the area far beyond the legal speed of Japan that you can experience the downforce increase and the stability increase.
Even with the high-performance Subaru WRX STI, the large rear wing is an option, and the proof is not to say that it can not run dangerously because there is no large rear wing in daily use.
It was important that the large rear wing, which once boasted its prosperity, be flashy in appearance while pursuing its performance, and that was what the user's high-performance car was sought at the time.
With all kinds of aftermarket spoilers and wings that are available on the market today. You buyer should can decide what you want for your car. If your're gonna "wing it" or not.